Calcium-Dependent Interaction of Calmodulin with Human 80S Ribosomes and Polyribosomes
Ribosomes are the protein factories of every living cell. The process protein translation is highly complex and tightly regulated by a large number of diverse RNAs and proteins. Earlier studies indicate that Ca2+ plays a role in protein translation. Calmodulin (CaM), a ubiquitous Ca2+-binding protein, regulates a large number of proteins participating in many signaling pathways. Several 40S and 60S ribosomal proteins have been identified to interact with CaM, and here, we report that CaM binds with high affinity to 80S ribosomes and polyribosomes in a Ca2+-dependent manner. No binding is observed in buffer with 6mM Mg2+ and 1 mM EGTA that chelated Ca2+, suggesting high specificity of the CaM-ribosome interaction dependent on the Ca2+ induced conformational change of CaM. The interactions between CaM and ribosomes are inhibited by synthetic peptides comprising putative CaM-binding sites in ribosomal proteins S2 and L14. Using a cell-free in vitro translations system, we further found that these synthetic peptides are potent inhibitors of protein synthesis. Our results identify an involvement of CaM in the translational activity of ribosomes. --author-supplied description
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“ Calcium - Dependent Inter action of Calmodulin with Human 80S Ribosomes and Polyribosomes. ” Behnen P, Davis E, * Delaney E, * Frohm B, Bauer M, Cedervall T, O'Connell D, Å kerfeldt KS, Linse S. Biochemistry , 51 , 6718 - 27 (2012).