The Work of Trauma: Fuller, Douglass, and Emerson on the border of ridicule
Studies in Romanticism
This essay is a reading of Emerson's Concord address on the Anniversary of the Emancipation of the West Indies and his later essay 'Fate' showing in both the influence of Fuller's 'traumatic' reading strategy and the spectral presence of Frederick Douglass. --author-supplied description
Zwarg, Christina. "The Work of Trauma: Fuller, Douglass, and Emerson on the Border of Ridicule." Studies in Romanticism 41.1 (2002): 65-88. Print.