Since They Got Those Separate Churches: Afro-Americans and Racism in Jacksonian Philadelphia
African Americans in Pennsylvania : shifting historical perspectives
Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission; Pennsylvania State University Press
Lapsansky-Werner, Emma. "Since They Got Those Separate Churches: Afro-Americans and Racism in Jacksonian Philadelphia." African Americans in Pennsylvania: Shifting Historical Perspectives. By Joe William Trotter and Eric Ledell Smith. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State UP, 1997. 93-120. Print.